Discourse on Jafar Sadiq b. Muhammed from Attar’s Hagiography of Muslim Saints

Imam Jafar Sadiq was born into a lineage of profound Islamic scholars, being the great-grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). He received his early education from his father, Imam Muhammad Baqir, and was exposed to diverse schools of thought, laying the foundation for his extensive knowledge and wisdom. Imam Jafar Sadiq’s scholarly contributions encompass various […]

Female Liberation in John Fowles’ The French Lieutenant’s Woman

John Fowles

Unveiling the Literary Legacy of John Fowles: A Journey into the Mind of a Master Storyteller   Introduction: John Fowles, a prominent English author, captivated readers worldwide with his innovative narratives and thought-provoking themes. Known for his distinct writing style, Fowles seamlessly merged genres, delving into the realms of psychological fiction, metafiction, and existentialism. In […]

Historical Metafiction: Elena Ferrante’s Neapolitan Novels As A Postmodern Rethinking Of History

Elena Ferrante

About Elena Ferrante: Elena Ferrante is the pseudonymous pen name of an Italian author whose true identity remains a well-guarded secret. Despite her anonymity, Ferrante’s works have gained international acclaim and have captivated readers worldwide. Known for her raw and honest portrayal of the female experience, Ferrante’s narratives delve into the complexities of human emotions, […]

The Song of the Reed Flute by Rumi [In Verse Translation]

Rumi

The Masnavi, also known as Mathnawi, is a remarkable literary work crafted by the renowned Persian poet and mystic, Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi, more commonly known as Rumi. Comprising of an astounding 26,000 couplets divided into six volumes, this magnum opus stands as one of the most significant contributions to Persian mystical literature and Iranian […]

Lucifer: A Short Story by Reza Joulaee [English Translation]

Reza Joulaee

About the Author Iranian writer Reza Joulaee, born in 1950, hails from a middle-class family in Iran. He initially pursued a medical education at Shiraz University but ultimately veered towards the field of economics, earning a Bachelor’s degree in the discipline. However, the reasons for his decision to change paths remain known only to him. […]

The Beggar: A Short Story by Gholamhossein Sa’edi [English Translation]

The Beggar by Gholamhossein Sa'edi

Gholamhossein Sa’edi, a talented short story writer, has presented all the issues presented in this school in the form of the character of the great lady in the story “The Beggar”. Gholamhossein Sa’edi was a celebrated Iranian writer who made a significant contribution to the country’s literature and cinema. Born on January 15, 1936, in […]

Gholamhossein Sa’edi: The Game is Over [English Translation]

Gholamhossein Saedi

Gholam-Hossein Sa’edi was a celebrated Iranian writer who made a significant contribution to the country’s literature and cinema. Born on January 15, 1936, in Tabriz, he went on to become one of the most prolific writers of his time, publishing over forty books across a wide range of genres. The Game is Over is translated […]

Rasoul Parvizi: The Patched Pants [Shalvarhay-e Vasleh Dar]

The Patched Pants by Rasoul Parvizi

Rasoul Parvizi (1919-1977) was a renowned short story writer and prominent figure in Iranian politics. He served as a member of parliament at the National Consultative Assembly and as a representative at the Iranian Senate Assembly. Rasoul Parvizi was also a prolific newspaper columnist, providing insightful commentary on various social and political issues. In 1957, […]

The Complete Quatrains of Khayyam ( A New Translation)

Khayyam

Omar Khayyam, a renowned Persian polymath, left a lasting impact on the fields of mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, and poetry. His birthplace was in Nishapur, which served as the original capital of the Seljuk Empire, and his scholarly pursuits took place during the rule of the Seljuk dynasty in the time around the First Crusade.  The […]

Abbas Maroufi : A Moonlit Night [A Short Story]

Abbas Maroufi

About the Author Born in 1957 in Tehran, Abbas Maroufi was raised and educated in Tehran. He studied dramatic arts at Tehran University while teaching at schools and writing for the newspapers. He served as the editor in chief of the literary Gardun magazine from 1990 to 1995. His first published work was a collection […]

Rumi: Love Poems [English Translation]

Rumi

About the Poet Rūmī, in full Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī, also called by the honorific Mawlānā, (born c. September 30, 1207, Balkh [now in Afghanistan]—died December 17, 1273, Konya [now in Turkey]), the greatest Sufi mystic and poet in the Persian language, famous for his lyrics and for his didactic epic Mas̄navī-yi Maʿnavī (“Spiritual Couplets”), which widely influenced mystical thought and literature throughout the Muslim world. After his death, his disciples were […]

Sadeq Hedayat: The Broken Mirror [English Translation]

Sadeq Hedayat

About the Author Sadeq Hedayat was an Iranian author whose contributions to Persian fiction marked a significant departure from traditional literary styles. Widely regarded as one of the most accomplished Iranian writers of the 20th century, Hedayat pioneered modernist techniques that continue to influence contemporary Persian literature. His Dash Akol has been rendered into English […]

Davoud the Hunchback by Sadeq Hedayat [English Translation]

Sadeq Hedayat

About the Author Sadeq Hedayat was an Iranian author whose contributions to Persian fiction marked a significant departure from traditional literary styles. Widely regarded as one of the most accomplished Iranian writers of the 20th century, Hedayat pioneered modernist techniques that continue to influence contemporary Persian literature. The following story has been rendered into English […]

Sadeq Hedayat: Dash Akol [English Translation]

Sadeq Hedayat

About Sadeq Hedayat Sadeq Hedayat was an Iranian author whose contributions to Persian fiction marked a significant departure from traditional literary styles. Widely regarded as one of the most accomplished Iranian writers of the 20th century, Hedayat pioneered modernist techniques that continue to influence contemporary Persian literature. The following story has been rendered into English […]

The Collected Poems of Hafiz

Hafiz

Hafiz, also spelled Ḥafez (born 1325/26, Shīrāz, Iran—died 1389/90, Shīrāz), was one of the finest lyric poets of Persia. Hafiz received a classical religious education, lectured on Qurʾānic and other theological subjects (“Hafiz” designates one who has learned the Qurʾān by heart), and wrote commentaries on religious classics. As a court poet, he enjoyed the patronage of several rulers of Shīrāz. Hafiz […]

Elif Shafak: Silenced Voices in 10 Minutes And 38 Seconds

Elif Shafak

10 Minutes 38 Seconds in This Strange World is a 2019 novel by Turkish writer Elif Shafak and her eleventh overall. Elif Shafak writes in Turkish and English, and has published 19 works. She is best known for her novels, which include The Bastard of Istanbul, The Forty Rules of Love, Three Daughters of Eve and 10 Minutes 38 Seconds in This Strange World. Elif […]

Ian McEwan: The Underlying Tragedy of Joe Rose in Enduring Love

Enduring Love

Ian McEwan is an English novelist and screenwriter. In 2008, The Times featured him on its list of “The 50 greatest British writers since 1945” and The Daily Telegraph ranked him number 19 in its list of the “100 most powerful people in British culture.” In Enduring Love by Ian McEwan, the calm, organized life […]

Culture and Gender Representation in Iranian School Textbooks

Theo Van Leeuwen, one of the main developers of social semiotics and co-founder of Multimodality, discusses Social semiotics, Multimodality and Critical Discourse Analysis and other related issues. Abstract This study examines the representations of male and female social actors in selected Iranian EFL (English as a Foreign Language) textbooks. It is grounded in Critical Discourse […]

Tayib Salih: Bride of Desire: The Season of Migration to the North

Tayib Salih  was a Sudanese novelist and short-story writer whose works explore the intersections of traditional and modern life in Africa. Tayib Salih is best known for Season of Migration to the North which is a counternarrative to Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. Salih’s writing draws important inspiration from his youth in a Sudanese village; […]

E. L. Doctorow: Representations of Carnivalesque in Welcome to Hard Times

Welcome to Hard Times

Edgar Lawrence Doctorow was an American novelist who  wrote twelve novels, three volumes of short fiction and a stage drama. They included the award-winning novels Ragtime, Billy Bathgate, The March, and Welcome to Hard Times. Doctorow was honoured with the National Humanities Medal (1998), the PEN/Saul Bellow Award for Achievement in American Fiction (2012), the […]

Talking Shakespeare: Translating Shakespeare’s plays into Persian

William Shakespeare

Ali Salami is an associate professor of English literature and translation studies at the University of Tehran. In 2014, he organized and managed the First International Conference on Shakespeare in Iran at the University of Tehran, which featured Stephen Greenblatt (Harvard University) and Mark Thornton Burnett (Queens University) as its keynote speakers. Salami has embarked […]

Forough Farrokhzad: Selected Poems [English Edition]

Another Birth

One of the leading modern poets of Iran, Forough Farrokhzad was born and brought up in a military family. She married Parviz Shapur, the well-known Iranian satirist at the age of 16. The following selection has been translated by Ali Salami. Forough Farrokhzad learned painting and sewing and moved to Ahvaz with her husband. Thence […]

Sohrab Sepehri: Selected Poems [English]

Sohrab Sepehri

Sohrab Sepehri was born in Kashan on October 7, 1928; a very talented artist and a gifted poet, Sohrab Sepehri shot to stardom with the publication of The Water’s Footfall which was subsequently followed by The Traveler and The Expanse of Green. Sohrab Sepehri died of blood cancer in Tehran in 1980. The folowing poems […]

A Dance of the Forests: The Unsaid of Wole Soyinka’s Play

Wole Soyinka

Wole Soyinka is a Nigerian playwright, novelist, poet, and essayist in the English language. He is best known for A Dance of the Forest and Death and The King’s Horseman. A Nobel Prize Winner, Soyinka founded an acting company and wrote his first important play, A Dance of the Forests for the independence celebrations in Nigeria. Wole […]

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: A Postcolonial Feminist Study of Half of a Yellow Sun

chimamanda adichie

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, (born September 15, 1977, Enugu, Nigeria), Nigerian author whose work drew extensively on the Biafran war in Nigeria during the late 1960s known for her highly successful novel Half of a Yellow Sun (2006). Half of a Yellow Sun is a novel by Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. Published in 2006 by 4th Estate in London, […]

Elena Ferrante’s Neapolitan Novels: A Feministic Study

Elena Ferrante

Elena Ferrante (Italian pronunciation: [ˌɛːlena ferˈrante]) is a pseudonymous Italian novelist. Ferrante’s books, originally published in Italian, have been translated into many languages. Ferrante’s four-book series of Neapolitan Novels are her most widely known works. Time magazine called Ferrante one of the 100 most influential people in 2016. Elena Ferrante is the name used by the author of many novels, including the four-volume work […]

Reading Caryl Churchill’s Top Girls Based On A Synthesis Of Heinz Kohut’s Theories On Narcissism And Fredrick Jameson’s Marxist Perspectives

Top Girls

Caryl Churchill, (born September 3, 1938, London, England), British playwright whose work frequently dealt with feminist issues, abuses of power, and sexual politics. Top Girls is one of her bestknown play. When Churchill was 10 years old, she emigrated with her family to Canada. She attended Lady Margaret Hall, a women’s college of the University of Oxford, […]

Harold Pinter’s The Homecoming: Domination, Servitude and Commodity Fetishism

Harold Pinter

Harold Pinter  was a British playwright, screenwriter, director and actor. A Nobel Prize winner, Pinter was one of the most influential modern British dramatists with a writing career that spanned more than 50 years. The Homecoming and the Birthday Party are among his most famous plays. Pinter’s best-known plays include The Birthday Party (1957), The Homecoming (1964) and Betrayal (1978), each of which he adapted for […]

Bozorg Alavi: The Portmanteau (Chamedan)

The Portmanteau

Bozorg Alavi was a leftist writer and one of the most noted Iranian novelists of the 20th century, whose works were banned in Iran from 1953 to 1979. Alavi is known for his novel Her Eyes and collected stories The Portmanteau (Chamedan). Biography of Bozorg Alavi Born in Tehran on February 2, 1904, Bozorg Alavi […]

Sadeq Chubak: Flowers of Flesh [Golhay-e Gushti in English Translation]

Tangsir

Sadeq Chubak, also spelled as Ṣādiq Chūbak, was a prominent Iranian writer born on August 5, 1916, in Bushehr, Iran. He authored short fiction, drama, and novels and was considered one of the most influential writers of 20th-century Iran. Sadeq Chubak’s short stories were known for their intricate details, economy of language, and focus on […]

Sadeq Hedayat: The Stray Dog (English Translaton)

Sadeq Hedayat

Sadeq Hedayat, also spelled Ṣādeq-e Hedāyat or Sadiq Hidayat, (born February 17, 1903, Tehran, Iran—died April 4, 1951, Paris, France), Iranian author who introduced modernist techniques into Persian fiction. Hedayat is considered one of the greatest Iranian writers of the 20th century.  HIs celebrated novel The Blind Owl has been translated into numerous languages. In 1925, Hedayat was among a […]